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游戲成癮真的等同疾病嗎?

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2019/06/06 21:45

網絡游戲已經成為很多人業余生活中不可缺少的一部分,而近日世界衛生大會上通過的《國際疾病分類第11次修訂本》(ICD-11)將“游戲障礙”“游戲成癮”作為一種疾病,引發了廣泛關注,那么游戲上癮真的是一種病嗎?

秦志豪是大二的一名學生,提到游戲,他笑稱初中時的自己是資深“網癮少年”。

北京青年政治學院學生 秦志豪:我當初應該算一個比較合格的網癮少年,一天單獨玩超過12個小時,一頓飯就是一天一直玩,就是凌晨三四點鐘,然后一覺起來以后然后又是三四點鐘,然后晚上吃一頓飯就接著玩。

秦志豪告訴記者,這樣打游戲的狀態他和身邊的同學大概持續了一兩個月,緊接著他的身體出現了一系列狀況。

北京青年政治學院學生 秦志豪:臉色反正肯定是蠟黃蠟黃的每天都是,然后就是整個人就,就特別的虛感覺,會出現非常就是非常嚴重腰間盤那種感覺,就非常疼非常累,但是還在堅持打游戲。

除了身體的不適,長時間打游戲也嚴重影響了秦志豪的學習和生活,秦志豪告訴記者當時的自己就處在一種不受控制的狀態。

北京青年政治學院學生 秦志豪:就是在學習上然后在生活上然后包括在交友上都會有挺大的影響,對于當時我來說是一種疾病,是已經成癮了。

秦志豪的情況并不是個案,采訪中,很多大學生都坦然自己打游戲,而身邊打游戲的青少年更是不在少數。

小陳:我現在也經常玩,一周可能得占了有將近十個小時。

北京青年政治學院學生 秦志豪:我之前/帶101中學的這種就是中學生,(見到)每一個孩子基本上都會沉迷于手機的這種小說然后游戲網癮這種的

大學生:我見到的青少年玩兒游戲的人也很多。

根據第43次《中國互聯網絡發展狀況統計報告》截至 2018 年 12 月, 我國網絡游戲用戶規模達 4.84 億,占整體網民的 58.4%,在我國網民中,學生群體最多,占比達 25.4%。而在近日世界衛生大會上通過的《國際疾病分類第11次修訂本》(ICD-11)中對“游戲障礙”提供了作為疾病的三條標準:“對游戲行為的控制力減弱;玩游戲的優先級高于日常生活和其他正常興趣愛好;盡管出現了負面后果,仍繼續游戲”面對這個標準,大家的態度并不相同。

大學生:已經算是一種疾病了,把它歸為一種病態我覺得太極端了吧,不太科學我覺得。

那么玩游戲到底算不算一種疾病呢?家長和學生要如何判斷呢?北京回龍觀醫院成癮醫學中心主任 牛雅娟告訴記者,世界衛生組織發布的是游戲障礙的定義標準,愛玩游戲并不等于游戲成癮,家長不必過度恐慌。

北京回龍觀醫院成癮醫學中心主任 牛雅娟:游戲障礙納入精神疾病,但是其實真正的能夠達到診斷標準的還是很少數的,其實大部分孩子可能現在有這個問題,沒有達到這個疾病的診斷標準。

牛主任告訴記者,游戲障礙的診斷需要科學精準的評估,并不是簡單幾條標準就可以判定的。

北京回龍觀醫院成癮醫學中心主任 牛雅娟:我們會有一個系統,多維度多角度的評估比方說他的心理學的這個層面,他的性格特征,他的家庭教養的方式,他的情緒方面有沒有什么問題,評估完了之后我們給他建立一個方案。

牛主任告訴記者,多年從業經驗發現,游戲成癮的預防比治療更為重要。

北京回龍觀醫院成癮醫學中心主任 牛雅娟:我們可以提前的預防/一個是科學使用網絡很重要,另外培養孩子廣泛的這種興趣很重要,我們主張跟家長,多陪伴孩子。

北京青少年研究所負責人 田宏杰:家長不要急于去拿診斷標準去診斷孩子,是否游戲成癮,家長真正要做的是要關注孩子成癮的癥狀下面的心理原因,看到孩子到底缺失什么,要關注到孩子的成長而不是去看個別的癥狀。


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